As every home plans to go off the grid and enjoy a steady power supply, many have left with the question of what can a 300watt solar panel can produce or power. Some are still uncertain about the number of 300watt solar panels to buy before they can be able you enjoy steady power. Steady electricity is among the social amenities that make life better and more comfortable. Just imagine how good it is to enjoy electricity uninterrupted in the home.
For us to determine what 300watt solar panel can power, we need to, first of all, know the power the panel can generate during the day. From the power it generates in a day we will be able to figure out what it can be used for.
How much power does a 300watt panel generate in a day?
In other to determine the amount of power a 300watt solar panel can generate we must consider the amount of sunlight, reaching the panel. Meaning the high intensity of the sun the more power a panel can produce.
The solar panel power can vary with the change in the intensity of the sun reaching it. That’s while is advisable to position the solar modules where the sun gets it the most. For the sake of this post we will calculate the power a panel can produce when the sun is at it peak for some hours.
A 300watt panel can produce 300watt of energy when the sun penetrates it at its peak. But the energy is just in DC. This DC generates from the panels still needs to pass into the inverter in other to convert the DC to AC. Because most of our home appliances are made to run on AC.
In the process of passing the DC generate from the solar panel to the inverter, there is energy loss. Meaning when a panel generates 300watts of power and passes it through an inverter for conversion , we lose about 10% of the power. Our panel may generate 300watts of energy and about 290watts will be what our inverter is delivering. Depending on how efficient the inverter is.
Our solar panels are rated in watts while the power we consume is rated in kilo-Watts. So we still need to find out the kilo-Watts per hour, the panel can generate before knowing the number of loads it can carry.
Meaning of solar panel specification.
this specification on the labels of the solar panels says many things about the panel. That still helps to calculate the KW/h a panel can generate. When we know the Kw/h a panel generates, then we can tell the type of load it can carry. So when you buy a panel try to take note of the following specification of the panel.
the following are the specification tag on the solar panel and their meaning.
Open circuit voltage (Voc): this is the voltage a panel is generating when their is no load connected to it. We can get still measure this voltage by using a digital multimeter.
short-circuit current(Isc): this is the current the panel produces when the two wires of the panel are short-circuited. A clamp multimeter can easily use to determine this value.
maximum power voltage(Vmp): the voltage the panel can be able to produce at its maximum power.
Maximum power current: the current the panel produces when the panel generates its maximum power.
A brand new panel has those values and tags on them in its specification.
How many Kw/h a 300watts panel can produce?
Yes, we need to convert and find the kw/h to even know how long it will operate our appliances. But to determine this, let’s say with an average irradiance value of 4 peak-sun- hour, what shall be the power the 300watts panel generates?
When the sun is penetrating a 300watts panel at its peak for 4 hours, the panel produces 1.2Kw/h. But when the sun is not at its peak, the panel will produce lesser power than that.
Again, if the panel is supplying AC power, then about 10% of the power is lost during conversation from DC to AC. This depends on the efficiency and the size of the inverter you are making use of. So losses more than 10%.
The panel has the maximum power when its volts and current are at the optimum values. And is achieved when the irradiance is sufficient and load characteristics match with the panel.
What can 300watts panel power.
with 300watt solar panel, we can power some of our electronic device that has a wattage below 270 watts. But in an ideal state, 300watts can power any device that is 300watts and below. But because of losses from the inverter and the sun not being at its peak all the time. it can power a total load of 270watts and below.
list of electronic devices that 300watt solar panel can power.
|electric can opener||130watts|
The above-mentioned device can be run using a 300watts solar panel.
Can I combine many 300watts panels to power a higher device?
yes of course, when the power of your appliances is bigger than the power of the solar panels, we usually add more panels to it. This is to meet up to the power of the appliances you want it to run.
For instance now, a higher rating appliance like refrigerators cannot run on one 300watts panel. But we can be able to run the refrigerator when we combine 2-3 300watts panels depending of the watts of the refrigerator.
But in adding more panels, always make sure the panels are compatible and make sure to connect them properly.
300watts solar panels can run our appliances that have running power of below 300watts. And when the appliance’s power is more than the solar panel power, more panels can be added to increase the power of the panels. So my advice to those using solar panels is to always check for the power of electronic appliances before purchasing.