Connecting solar panels to a battery without a charge controller is possible, but risks the system of overcharging and damage.
Using a charge controller with solar panels is the best setting for solar grids as it safeguards the batteries from overcharging. However, there are certain conditions where the charge controller can be neglected in connecting solar panels to batteries. In this guide, you will learn how to connect your solar panel to a battery without a charge controller and the risks involved in doing that.
can I connect my solar panel to battery without charge controller?
Yes, of course, you can connect solar panels to battery without a charge controller but not recommended. The reason is that charge controller is what protects your battery from being overcharged or undercharged which can result in crucial damage to the battery. Now that you have learned the reason and importance of a charge controller to your solar system if you still wish to make the connection without a charge controller, keep on reading to learn how you can do the connection.
How to Connect Solar Panel to Battery without Charge Controller.
what to be conscious of when charging solar batteries without a charge controller is to make sure the voltage and current ratings of your panels match your battery charging specification. Our Solar battery setup comes in different voltage and current ratings. But the most commonly used setup is 12V or 24V. All of them have their specific voltage range for charging.
For instance, 12V batteries can safely charge from solar panels with output voltage ratings of 11.8V to 14.5V while for 24V, solar panel output rating of 24V to 29V will charge them too. These ratings applied to all different batteries, be it lithium-ion or Lead-acid batteries.
So when you have a solar panel whose output voltage is within your battery charging voltage range, it can be connected directly to charge the battery without charge controller.
The major challenge of not using a solar charge controller is that the maximum voltage of a solar panel is always higher than the acceptable charging voltage for batteries. Solar panels at their peak operation, always produce a voltage higher than the acceptable charging voltage. A 100W solar panel can produce a voltage range of 11V to 14.5V during normal operations. But when the intensity of the sun is high, the panel operates at its maximum rate. And a voltage of about 18V to 20V will be delivered by the solar panels. The battery system can withstand a high current provided the voltage is compatible. Issues will always arise when the voltage battery and solar panels are not compatible.
Those challenges can be easily avoided by using a charge controller, and that is why it is recommended for every system to have a charger controller instead of connecting directly from the solar panel to the battery. With a charge controller, the battery will charge safely and efficiently as it will automatically regulate the voltage from the panel to suit the battery charging.
When should I consider charging solar panels without a charge controller?
You can consider charging without a charge controller when you deal with a low-power system with less than 100W output.
Again is when you have confidence that solar panels will constantly deliver voltage within the battery charging requirement.
Caution: For large solar system setups, don’t connect directly from the solar panel to the batteries without a controller. Always look for a suitable charge controller that can withstand the system operation.
Is it OK to charge solar batteries without a charge controller?
You can charge solar batteries directly from solar panels without a charge controller but is not recommended. For the safety of your system appropriate rated charge controller should be placed between the solar panel and the batteries.
Will solar panel work without a controller?
yes, a solar panel can still work without a charge controller in certain conditions. But to avoid the risk of overvoltage, reverse current flow, or overcharging of the battery always use a charge controller. The charge controller regulates and moderates the power from solar panels and makes it good and safe for charging the battery.